The kakejiku, hanging scroll is a interior decoration for viewing picture, Japanese painting or calligraphy, which are mounted in Japanese paper. It is also called ‘Kakemono.’, hanging thing.
The kakejiku is the representative traditional interior decoration of Japan.
The style of kakejiku was established together with tea ceremony.
The history of kakejiku is that. Kakejiku spread with Buddhism from China after middle of Heian period (from 794 to 1185). When it was Kamakura period(from 1185 to 1333) decoration of art and crafts was popular at upper class. The kakejiku is a one of those.
The alcove in the house was created as the place to decorate it.
The Kakejiku was deeply connection with Buddhism. However, people started decorating of landscapes, portraits, flowers and birds on it to appreciate pictures in the Muromachi period(appro from 1337 to 1573)
Most of ancient Chinese picture used the picture frame. But, it was developed as scroll paper for easy carrying. The quality of Kakejiku is stronger than general paper. Setting of the backing paper to the Kakejiku is for a protection and preserving. By doing so that, it can save a work for long time and show us the good condition works throughout history.